Understanding Cyber Security for Newbies

A Beginner's guide

Alot of social media users have of recent been victims of fraudulents activities,done by scammers or hackers.These hackers gain access to users secret information, especially when those information are left open,not safeguarded.

This is why every Social media user or internet user in general,ought to have atleast the basic know of Cybersecurity, in order to safeguard our internet dealings.

In this blog post,we have touched on lots of issues and ways to protect ourselves from hackers..But first,let’s understand Cybersecurity.

What is Cyber Security?C

Cybersecurity is the practice of protecting systems, networks, and data from cyber attacks. It is a complex and challenging field, but it is also essential in the modern world. Cyber attacks can cause significant financial and reputational damage to businesses, and they can also put individuals at risk.

What are the different types of cyber attacks?

There are many different types of cyber attacks, but some of the most common include:

  • Malware: Malware is malicious software that can damage or disable computer systems. It can be spread through email attachments, infected websites, or USB drives.
  • Phishing: Phishing attacks attempt to trick people into revealing sensitive information, such as passwords or credit card numbers. Phishing emails often look like they are from a legitimate company, such as a bank or government agency.
  • Denial-of-service attacks: Denial-of-service attacks attempt to overwhelm a website or server with traffic, making it unavailable to legitimate users.
  • Man-in-the-middle attacks: Man-in-the-middle attacks intercept communications between two parties and relay them back and forth, allowing the attacker to eavesdrop on the conversation or modify the messages.

How can I protect myself from cyber attacks?

There are a number of things you can do to protect yourself from cyber attacks, including:

  • Use strong passwords and enable two-factor authentication: Strong passwords are at least 12 characters long and include a mix of upper and lowercase letters, numbers, and symbols. Two-factor authentication adds an extra layer of security by requiring you to enter a code from your phone in addition to your password when logging in to accounts.
  • Be careful about what emails you open and what links you click on: Phishing emails are often very convincing, but there are a few things you can look for to help identify them. Phishing emails often have typos or grammatical errors, and they may ask for sensitive information such as your password or credit card number. If you are unsure whether an email is legitimate, do not click on any links or open any attachments.
  • Keep your software up to date: Software developers regularly release updates to fix security vulnerabilities. It is important to install these updates as soon as they are available.
  • Use a firewall and antivirus software: A firewall can help to protect your computer from unauthorized access, while antivirus software can help to detect and remove malware.

What should I do if I think I have been the victim of a cyber attack?

If you think you have been the victim of a cyber attack, there are a few things you should do:

  • Change your passwords: Change your passwords immediately for any accounts that may have been compromised.
  • Contact your bank or credit card company: If you think your financial information may have been compromised, contact your bank or credit card company immediately.
  • Report the attack to the authorities: You can report cyber attacks to the recognised authority in your city,like the Nigerian Police.

Cyber security is an important issue for everyone, and it is important to take steps to protect yourself from cyber attacks. By following the tips above, you can help to keep your systems, networks, and data safe.

Here are some additional tips for beginners:

  • Be aware of the latest cyber threats: Cyber criminals are constantly developing new methods of attack, so it is important to stay informed about the latest threats. You can do this by following security blogs and news sites, and by signing up for security alerts from your software providers.
  • Be careful about what information you share online: Be careful about what personal and financial information you share online. Only share this information with trusted websites and companies.
  • Use a password manager: A password manager can help you to create and manage strong passwords for all of your online accounts.
  • Be careful about public Wi-Fi networks: Public Wi-Fi networks are often unsecured, so it is important to be careful when using them. Avoid accessing sensitive information when using public Wi-Fi, and consider using a VPN to encrypt your traffic.

By following these tips, you can help to protect yourself from cyber attacks and keep your data safe.

To learn what software development is,click here.


Hi,am Khadijah Sulaiman,and I write on tech.related issues like News, training Opportunities, Social media and more.I love to share findings on tips, tricks and latest information about make life more meaningful and educative. Follow me on Facebook @habijtech and YouTube @habijTv

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